part of the Upper Silesian industrial district to Poland. 15 The Polish Government, convinced by the economic and political power of the region and by the autonomist movement of the plebiscite campaign, decided to give Upper Silesia considerable autonomy with a Silesian Parliament as a constituency and the Silesian Voivodship Council as the executive. Each side developed secret paramilitary forcesboth financed from the opposing capitals, Warsaw and Berlin. France was too much of a nation to lose from the League and also too big to put on any sanctions that could affect. German Empire, Poles claimed they had faced discrimination, making them effectively second class citizens. A b Die Volksabstimmung in Oberschlesien 1921: Pless Archived at the Wayback Machine.
; and Monthly Summary of the. The rich industrial resources of Upper Silesia in order to fulfill both of these. 63; League of Nations, Monthly Summary of the League of Nations, 1921, Geneva. Upper Silesia is the southeastern part of the historical and geographical region o f Silesia. In the Upper Silesia plebiscite of March 1921, a majority of 59,4 voted against merging.
However, the districts of Pless ( Pszczyna ) and Rybnik in the southeast, as well as Tarnowitz ( Tarnowskie Gry ) in the east and Tost-Gleiwitz ( Gliwice ) in the interior showed considerable Polish majorities, while in Lublinitz ( Lubliniec ) and Groß Strehlitz. The main aims were to keep the peace, or prevent war, and to improve working conditions and wages for member states. This organization attempted to gain promises of autonomy from both states and possible future independence for Upper Silesia. Nazi-occupied Upper Silesia during World War II (Chapter Four) shared many similarities to the ways in which the postwar communist authorities of Poland administered the entire region (Chapter Five). This stipulation of the Treaty of Versailles allowed the participation of thousands of Upper Silesian migrant workers from western Germany ( Ruhrpolen ). 1., Das ganze Land (in German). All forty-two members made up the assembly, who met once a year. These were both resolved peacefully due to the involved nation's lack of power. Lud lski (Silesian people an ancient Polish people (p. But overall, they embraced this special status or exclusiveness in order to protect themselves against nationalization (p. Although ideologically divergent, both regimes continued the cultural cleansing set up by Polish and German borderland nationalists during the interwar period.